Donald Stewart has announced the release of Mageia 7 on July 01, 2019. Mageia 7 comes with lots of new features, exciting updates and support latest hardware.
It will be supported with security and bug fix updates for 18 months, up to 2020.
It support both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures, as well as live DVD’s for 64-bit Plasma, GNOME, Xfce, and 32-bit Xfce. Also, you can install other desktops too.
It’s offering variety of desktops and window managers, improved support for Wayland and for hybrid graphics cards. Also added many games collections.
A good progress made on ARM support: aarch64 and ARMv7 but this still being experimental stage.
Mageia 7 welcome screen completely revamped that gets attention from users when using Mageia 7.
The Mageia online repositories are split up with three parts.
Core: The Core repository includes packages with free-and-open-source software. The “Core Release” and “Core Updates” repos are enabled by default.
Nonfree: The Nonfree repository includes packages that are free-of-charge and free to redistribute, but that contain closed-source software. The Nonfree media set is enabled by default.
Tainted: The Tainted repository includes packages released under a free license. The main criterion for placing packages in this repository is that they may infringe on patents and copyright laws in some countries. The Tainted media set is added by default but not enabled by default.
Added NFSv4 and XFS support.
Added Zchunk-compressed metadata for DNF and PackageKit, wich saves good amount of bandwidth while fetching repository metadata updates. With this DNF will now download only the differences between any earlier copies of the metadata and the current version.
Since Mageia 6 DNF is part of it as an alternative to urpmi and it’s allowing users to perform the upgrades from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7.
There are many ways are available to upgrade Mageia from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7.
Major packages that ship with Mageia 7.
- kernel 5.1.14
- GCC 8.3.1
- rpm 4.14.2
- dnf 4.2.6
- Mesa 19.1
- Plasma 5.15.4
- GNOME 3.32
- Xfce 4.14pre
- Firefox 67
- Chromium 73
- LibreOffice 6.2.3
How to upgrade from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7?
Mageia team has been fine-tuned the upgrade from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7 over the past few months, so it should work. However, back up any important data before upgrading.
Perform upgrade from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7 using DNF
If you’re using DNF for software management and configured properly then follow the below steps.
Make sure your sytem up-to-date.
# dnf upgrade
Install the dnf system-upgrade plugin
# dnf install 'dnf-command(system-upgrade)'
Run the system-upgrade download phase
# dnf system-upgrade --releasever 7 download --allowerasing
If the simulation and proposed upgrade looks good then trigger the upgrade.
# dnf system-upgrade reboot
Perform upgrade from Mageia 6 to Mageia 7 using urpmi
Here are the general upgrade steps using urpmi command.
Remove all of the existing media sources on your system by executing this command as root in terminal.
# urpmi.removemedia -a
Add the Mageia 7 online sources.
# urpmi.addmedia --distrib --mirrorlist 'http://mirrors.mageia.org/api/mageia.7.$ARCH.list'
Finally perform upgrade. It’s best to run the below command twice because in the first run some packages may be downloaded but not installed.
# urpmi --replacefiles --auto-update --auto
Alternatively, we can test the upgrade before performing the actual upgrade (It simulates the upgrade process).
# urpmi --replacefiles --auto-update --auto --download-all --test
If the above results are good then go for the upgrade.
# urpmi --replacefiles --auto-update --auto --download-all